Rousseff shaky as Brazil's top court rejects audit
08 October 2015
Brazil's beleaguered president, Dilma Rousseff, has lost a major battle after the federal audit court rejected her government's accounts from 2014, paving the way for her opponents to try to impeach her.
In a unanimous vote the federal accounts court, known as the TCU, ruled Rousseff's government manipulated its accounts in 2014 to disguise a widening fiscal deficit as she campaigned for re-election.
The ruling, the TCU's first against a Brazilian president in nearly 80 years, is not legally binding but will be used by opposition lawmakers to argue for impeachment proceedings against the leftist leader, now unpopular, in an increasingly hostile Congress.
Opposition leaders hugged and cheered when the ruling was announced in Congress, though it was not clear how quickly they would move or whether they have enough support to impeach the president.
''This establishes that they doctored fiscal accounts, which is an administrative crime and President Rousseff should face an impeachment vote,'' said Carlos Sampaio, leader of the opposition PSDB party in the lower house.
''It's the end for the Rousseff government,'' said Rubens Bueno, a congressman from the PPS party. He said the opposition has the votes to start proceedings in the lower house though perhaps not the two-thirds majority needed for an impeachment trial in the senate.
In a last-ditch bid to win time, the government had asked the supreme court to delay Wednesday's ruling, but it refused.
In a further setback for Rousseff, the TCU rejected a request by attorney general Luís Inacio Adams to remove the judge auditing the 2014 accounts for publicly declaring weeks ago he planned to find them invalid.
Adams said the government would appeal to the supreme court to overturn the audit decision.
Earlier on Wednesday, Rousseff's government failed to get enough support in Congress to back her efforts to rebalance Brazil's public accounts. Rousseff is also reeling from a ruling on Tuesday that cleared the way for a separate investigation on alleged irregularities in her re-election campaign last year.
Congress put off for a fourth time a session on whether to back or overturn her vetoes of two spending bills after her government was unable to obtain a quorum despite a cabinet reshuffle last week meant to bolster her support.
''It's as if the government has ceased to exist,'' said congressman Pauderney Avelino of the opposition Democrats party.
The postponement highlighted Rousseff's political isolation as she struggles to stave off impeachment efforts amid a widening corruption scandal and Brazil's deepest recession in 25 years.
The bills Rousseff vetoed would raise public spending by 63 billion reals ($16.4 billion) over the next four years and include a hefty 78 per cent increase in salaries of judiciary employees and a raise in payments for retirees.
The congressional setback calls into question her ability to raise taxes to plug a widening budget gap that led Standard & Poor's rating agency to strip Brazil of its investment-grade rating in September.
Backed by a commodities boom, Brazil's economy posted several years of strong growth that pulled millions of people out of poverty. But the boom ended after Rousseff came to power in 2011, hit by weaker international prices for its products and her government's interventionist policies.
Uncertainty over Rousseff's ability to survive the political crisis and pull Brazil out of an economic tailspin has driven down its currency, the real, to its weakest ever levels.
The only good news Rousseff has had recently was the confirmation by Swiss authorities that her declared enemy in Congress, lower house speaker Eduardo Cunha, holds bank accounts in Switzerland, which he had denied.
Cunha, who holds the key to starting impeachment proceedings in the lower house, already faces charges of corruption in the Petrobras bribery scandal. On Wednesday he said he had no intention of resigning.