New Covid-19 guidelines allow phased reopening from 1 June

The centre today announced fresh guidelines for fighting the Covid-19 pandemic, extending strict enforcement of lockdown in containment zones, which are to be demarcated by state governments/ union territory administrations based on health ministry guidelines.

Union ministry of home affairs (MHA) issued new guidelines to fight Covid-19 and for phased re-opening of areas outside the containment zones. The guidelines would come into effect from 1 June and would be effective till 30 June 2020. 
The current phase of re-opening, `Unlock 1’, will have an economic focus. The new guidelines have been issued based on extensive consultations held with states and union territories, a home ministry release stated. 
Outside the containment zones the new guidelines allow a phased reopening of all activities that have an economic focus, beginning 1 June.
However, night curfew will remain in force on movement of individuals for all non-essential activities from 9 pm to 5 am even in non-containment zones.
A strict lockdown was imposed throughout the country since 24 March 2020. All activities were prohibited except essential activities. Subsequently, in a graded manner and keeping the overarching objective of containing the spread of Covid-19 in view, the lockdown measures have been relaxed to some extent.
Lockdown measures would continue to be implemented strictly in the containment zones. These will be demarcated by the state governments/UT administrations, after taking into consideration the guidelines issued by the health ministry. Within the containment zones, strict perimeter control shall be maintained and only essential activities allowed. 
All activities that were prohibited earlier would be opened up in areas outside the containment zones in a phased manner, with the stipulation of following standard operating procedures (SOPs), to be prescribed by the health ministry.
Unrestricted movement of persons and goods
No restriction on inter-state and intra-state movement of persons and goods. No separate permission/approval/e-permit would be required for such movements. However, if a state/ UT, based on reasons of public health and its assessment of the situation, proposes to regulate movement of persons, it would give wide publicity in advance regarding the restrictions to be placed on such movement, and the related procedures to be followed. 
Night curfew would continue to remain in force on the movement of individuals for all non-essential activities. However, the revised timings of the curfew will be from 9 pm to 5 am. 
National Directives for Covid-19 management would continue to be followed throughout the country, with a view to ensure social distancing.    
States to decide on activities outside containment zones
States and UTs, based on their assessment of the situation, may prohibit certain activities outside the containment zones or impose such restrictions, as deemed necessary. 
Protection for vulnerable persons
Vulnerable persons, ie, persons above 65 years of age, persons with co-morbidities, pregnant women, and children below the age of 10 years, are advised to stay at home, except for meeting essential requirements and for health purposes.
Use of Aarogya Setu
The Aarogya Setu mobile application is a powerful tool built by Government of India to facilitate quick identification of persons infected by Covid-19, or at risk of being infected, thus acting as a shield for individuals and the community. With a view to ensure safety, various authorities are advised to encourage the use of the application.
Phase I (permitted to open from 8 June 2020):
  • ·Religious places and places of worship for public;
  • ·Hotels, restaurants and other hospitality services; and
  • ·Shopping malls. 
The health ministry would issue SOPs for these activities, in consultation with the central ministries/departments concerned and other stakeholders, for ensuring social distancing and to contain the spread of Covid-19.
Phase II
Schools, colleges, educational/ training/ coaching institutions etc, will be opened after consultations with states and UTs. State governments/ UT administrations are being advised to hold consultations at the institution level with parents and other stakeholders. Based on the feedback, a decision on the re-opening of these institutions will be taken in July 2020.  MoHFW will prepare SOP for these institutions. 
The following activities will remain prohibited throughout the country:
  • International air travel of passengers;
  • Operation of Metro Rail; 
  • Cinema halls, gymnasiums, swimming pools, entertainment parks, theatres, bars and auditoriums, assembly halls and similar places; and
  • Social/ political/ sports/ entertainment/ academic/ cultural/ religious functions/ and other large congregations. 
Dates for the opening of above activities would be decided in Phase III, based on assessment of the situation.