Iraqi special forces completed a troop buildup around Fallujah on Sunday ahead of an operation to retake the Islamic State-held city west of Baghdad, a military officer said, even as the militants attacked a newly-liberated town to the west.
Teaming up with paramilitary troops and backed by aerial support from the US-led coalition, the government launched a large-scale offensive to dislodge IS militants from Fallujah a week ago.
The city, located about 65 kilometres west of Baghdad, is one of the last major IS strongholds in Iraq. The extremist group still controls territory in the country's north and west, including Mosul, Iraq's second-largest city.
The last battalion from Iraq's Special Forces Service arrived at dawn Sunday at the sprawling Tariq Camp outside Fallujah, said Maj Dhia Thamir. He declined to comment on troop numbers or the timing of the expected assault.
He said troops have recaptured 80 per cent of the territory around the city since the operation began and are currently battling IS to the northeast as they seek to tighten the siege ahead of a planned final push into the city centre.
In a televised speech to parliament, Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi said the "current second phase of the Fallujah operation" will last less than 48 hours, after which the offensive to recapture the city will begin.
Al-Abadi called on residents of Fallujah to either leave the city or stay indoors. Government officials and aid groups estimate that more than 50,000 people remain inside the centre of the Sunni majority city.
As he cleared his weapon and checked his Humvee at the camp, soldier Ali al-Shimmari said he was "totally ready" for the battle. "I phoned my family in the morning and asked them to pray for me to get back safe to them," he added.
"I'm determined to end Daesh," al-Shimmari continued, using the Arabic acronym for the group.
The militants meanwhile launched an attack Sunday on the town of Hit, 140 kilometres west of Baghdad, which was recaptured by government troops last month. A military officer said the extremists entered three neighbourhoods and were engaged in heavy clashes with Iraqi forces backed by US-led airstrikes.
By late afternoon, the forces had managed to push the militants out and were in control of the whole town.
Fallujah, which saw some of the heaviest fighting of the 2003-2011 U.S.-led military intervention, was the first city in Iraq to fall to IS. The extremists seized control of Fallujah in January 2014, six months before they swept across northern and western Iraq and declared a caliphate.