Climate action is in India's ethos: Sushma Swaraj

The Paris Climate Accord signed by 190 nations is not about money but is guided by our bounden duty to posterity that Mother Earth remains healthy enough to support them, external affairs minister Sushma Swaraj said in a reaction to US President Donald Trump's comments that India signed the agreement for the money that it offers.

Rejecting Trump's claim that India signed the Paris climate agreement to get ''billions and billions and billions of dollars in foreign aid'', Swaraj said New Delhi signed the pact ''not because of greed… not because of fear'' but because of its ''commitment to protecting the environment''.

''What US President Trump has said is not the reality… India signed the Paris climate pact not because of pressure from any country or due to lure of money. Our signature in the pact was not because of greed, it was not because of fear. We signed it due to our commitment to protecting the environment… India will continue to be part of it irrespective of whether the US remains in it or not,'' Swaraj told reporters while speaking on three years of the Modi government.

''This commitment is 5,000 years old. We worship rivers, trees and mountains. This is India's ethos, it is our cultural heritage. If someone says we signed the pact due to lure of money and pressure from someone, it is wrong. I reject both these allegations,'' she said.

On June 1, while announcing the US withdrawal from the Paris deal, Trump claimed that India had made its participation in the agreement ''contingent on receiving billions and billions and billions of dollars in foreign aid''.

India is part of Paris Agreement because it allows India to burn coal and fossil fuels. Paris Agreement simply shifts polluting industries from developed nations to developing nations along with the jobs, according to Trump.

But, that does not hold good as far as India is concerned, which instead of increasing its coal footprint, has already surpassed its commitment to clean energy.

On the H1B visas, Swaraj said while nothing has changed so far in the US, there were concerns, Sushma said. ''When the prime minister goes to the US to meet President Trump, he will raise this issue with him,'' she said.

She also sent Pakistan a tough message, blaming it for creating conditions unsuitable for any gesture by the Prime Minister or initiative by the Indian government to resume the dialogue process.

She said no meeting has so far been scheduled between Prime Minister Modi and his Pakistan counterpart Nawaz Sharif on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Summit in Astana, Kazakhstan on 8-9 June. But sources said that possibility could not be completely ruled out.

Rejecting any ''flip-flop'' in the government policy on Pakistan, Swaraj said India is clear that ''it wants to hold dialogue, resolve all issues bilaterally without mediation from any third country, organisation or anyone else. But at the same time terror and talks cannot go together.''

''I had gone to Islamabad for the Heart of Asia Conference and had begun the comprehensive bilateral dialogue process on December 9 (in 2015). But do those conditions, which existed on December 9, exist today?''

Asked about remarks of a Pakistan law officer that Islamabad will take the Kashmir issue to the International Court of Justice, which India approached in the Kulbhushan Jadhav case, Swaraj said: ''Pakistan cannot take Kashmir issue to ICJ. The Shimla agreement and Lahore declaration are very clear on the Kashmir issue that it can only be resolved bilaterally. The two countries are bound by these bilateral agreements.''

On China's airspace violation in Uttarakhand, she said while there used to ground-level incursions from both sides since there is no demarcated boundary, this is the first time an airspace incursion has taken place. ''I cannot tell you when and where this issue will be raised, but it will be raised with the Chinese government, 101 per cent,'' she said.

On China blocking India's bid to become a member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, she said India has asked all friends of China, including Russia, to impress upon them India's candidature, and expressed the hope that India will become a member one day. ''Aaj nahin toh kal, kal nahin toh parson… hum honge kaamyab,'' she said.