Marine Aids to Navigation Bill 2021' to replace Lighthouse Act 1927

Parliament last week passed the Marine Aids to Navigation Bill 2021, which aims to replace over 90-year-old Lighthouse Act 1927, to incorporate the global best practices, technological developments and India's international obligations.

The Marine Aids to Navigation Bill is intended to make the legislative framework user-friendly and to promote ease of doing business. 
Union minister for ports, shipping and waterways Sarbananda Sonowal moved the bill in the Rajya Sabha on 19 July and it was passed on 27 July. Now the bill will go to the President for his assent.
This initiative is part of the proactive approach of the ministry by repealing colonial laws and replacing them with legislations that cater to modern and contemporary needs of the maritime industry, Sonowal said, adding that the bill aims to adopt state-of-the-art technologies of marine navigation which were not covered under the statutory provisions of the old Lighthouse Act 1927.
The administration and management of Lighthouse and Lightships in India is governed by Lighthouse Act 1927 for safe navigation. At the time of enactment of Lighthouse Act 1927, there were only 32 Lighthouses in the then British India spread across six regions, viz. Aden, Karachi, Bombay, Madras, Calcutta and Rangoon. Post-Independence, 17 Lighthouses came under the administrative control of India, which have now increased manifold to meet the growing needs of the shipping industry.
At present, there are 195 lighthouses and number of advanced radio and digital aids to navigation administered under the Act.
As technology evolved, systems were put in place where with the help of Radar and other sensors, vessels were advised from shore about the position and thus Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) came into existence and found wide acceptability. These modern, technologically improved aids to marine navigation systems have changed their profile from a ‘passive’ service to that of ‘passive as well as interactive’ service.
Lighthouses have also been globally identified as a major tourist attraction due to scenic location, typical architecture and heritage value.
The need for enactment of a new Act is necessitated to provide an appropriate statutory framework which reflects the modern role of marine aids to navigation and to be in compliance with India’s obligations under International Conventions.
The new Act will facilitate harmonised and effective functioning of aids to marine navigation and Vessel Traffic Services along the Indian coastline. The benefits include:
·       Improved legal framework for matters related to aids to navigation and vessel traffic services and covers the future developments in the field of marine navigation;
·       Management of ‘Vessel Traffic Services’ for enhancing the safety and efficiency of shipping and to protect environment;
·       Skill development through training and certification for the operators of ‘Aids to Navigation’ and ‘Vessel Traffic Services’ at par with international standards;
·       Auditing and accreditation of institutes to cater to the need of training and certification at par with global standards;
·       Marking of “Wreck” in general waters to identify sunken / stranded vessels for safe and efficient navigation; and
·       Development of lighthouses for the purpose of education, culture and tourism, which would tap the tourism potential of coastal regions and contribute to their economy.