The US Federal Communications Commission (FCC), in a move widely seen as friendly to internet service providers and against consumer interest, has sought public comments on broadband policy changes proposing that both fixed and mobile can be counted as broadband under Section 706 of its rules.
Currently the FCC restricts the term 'broadband' to wired connections with 25Mbps download and 3Mbps upload speeds. Now the agency under chairman Ajit Pai has asked for comment on its proposal to include in that definition wireless connections which have a minimum 10Mbps down and 1Mbps up.
Although this might seem like a minor change, it could have major consequences for Americans who live in areas without broadband internet access, as industry watchers like Tom's Hardware and Endgadget point out.
The new proposals differ from the current standard, developed under former chairman Tom Wheeler, that require timely deployment of both wired and wireless networks in the US.
On top of that, the FCC has suggested that if mobile networks are providing this "broadband," all one needs is 10Mbps download and 1Mbps upload speeds. That's less than half of the 25Mbps down and 3Mbps up speeds currently required to fit the definition of home broadband. At the same time, the Notice of Inquiry proposes to leave home speeds at the current level.
These are just preliminary discussions as the FCC has not decided to consider both wired and wireless internet access when it comes to the country's broadband goals, nor has it decided on the 10 Mbps and 1Mbps requirement. Inviting public comment on these proposals is ostensibly meant to allow experts, analysts, and the general public to influence the agency's regulation of broadband internet.
The FCC says the "statutory language" gives it the right to put mobile and land transmission into one broadband basket. Section 706, it says, defines advanced telecommunications tech "as high-speed, switched, broadband that enables users to original and receive high-quality voice, data, graphics and video telecommunications ... without regard to any transmission media or technology".
Noting that 13 per cent of Americas rely solely on smartphones for internet access, it says, "We seek comment on whether we should evaluate the deployment of fixed and mobile broadband as separate and distinct ways to achieve advanced telecommunications capability."
Letting carriers like AT&T and Verizon install mobile networks and call it a day for broadband would certainly save them money. Most need to install mobile networks anyway, and building them out is cheaper than installing, say, a fibre-optic network in a rural town.
Yet, mobile networks often don't suit the needs of consumers and businesses because of highly variable speeds, data caps, lack of free tethering and other issues. And if the FCC eliminates current net neutrality rules as it wants, it could further curtail consumer access to data-hungry services like Netflix and YouTube.
Tom Wheeler's FCC changed broadband requirements to the 25Mbps / 3Mbps standard from 4 Mbps / 1Mbps upload/download speeds back in 2015. One reason for that was the fact that the US ranked 25th out of 39 developed countries in internet speeds at the time. Since the new standard was put in place, data rates have increased markedly, and America is now ranked 10th in the world for broadband internet - though that strongly depends on which state you live in.
The FCC's Democrat commissioner Mignon Clyburn doesn't agree with gist of the Notice of Inquiry. "We seek comment on whether to deem an area as 'served' if mobile or fixed service is available," she wrote in a concurring statement. "I am sceptical of this line of inquiry. Consumers who are mobile only often find themselves in such a position, not by choice but because they cannot afford a fixed connection."
She adds that the US should also be pushing faster internet speeds, not keeping the standard the same. "High-definition video conferencing is squarely within the rubric of 'originating and receiving high-quality video telecommunications,' " she writes, "yet the 25/3 Mbps standard we propose would not even allow for a single stream of 1080p video conferencing, much less 4K video conferencing."
The Notice of Inquiry calls for public comments at this link until 7 September, with reply comments due by 22 September.
But according to Endgadget, even if lots of consumers express their disapproval, the FCC couldn't care. Till now, the commission is accused of having done a terrible job of handling comments about net neutrality, with intermittent or no access during an eight-hour period on 7 May 2017.
That was either due to a DDoS attack or, as some security professionals think, just a bad commenting system.