The devastating 25 April earthquake and the subsequent aftershocks that rattled Nepal over the past few weeks have caused losses of around $10 billion to the Himalayan nation, the government said today, as it appealed to donors for long-term support for bringing the country back on track.
Simultaneously, member states of the United Nations, at a special Assembly, also passed a consensus resolution requesting the Secretary-General and the wider UN system to continue to assist Nepal in ensuring effective coordination of the national and international relief, and reconstruction efforts.
Under the terms of the text, the 193-member body also emphasised the importance of linking relief with rehabilitation and development from very early on, of building resilience and ''building back better.''
''Emergency relief is never enough,'' said Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon as he took the podium before member states adopted the resolution.
Nepal's finance minister Ram Sharan Mahat who chaired a meeting of donor agencies, said that the preliminary estimates have put the cost of reconstruction at $5 billion and works have been started by setting up a fund of $2 billion.
"The country has suffered a loss between $5 to 10 billion due to the damaged caused by the April 25 earthquake and the aftershocks," the finance minister said.
Bringing the economy back on track is very challenging considering the extent of human and infrastructural losses, he said, adding that the 25 April earthquake killed over 8,400 people across Nepal and adversely affected its economy.
''Over the past three weeks, the lives of eight million Nepalese people have been ''changed beyond recognition,'' Ban told the United Nations General Assembly on Friday, as he called on the international community to rally in support of the country and invest for the long haul so that it can sustain itself as it recovers and rebuilds from a devastating earthquake.
During a special Assembly session that saw the adoption of a resolution on 'Strengthening emergency relief, rehabilitation and reconstruction in response to the devastating effects of the earthquake', Ban expressed condolences to everyone who lost a family, friend or loved one during the massive 7.8 magnitude quake that struck Nepal on 25 April.
In their consensus resolution, the 193-member body also emphasised the importance of linking relief with rehabilitation and development from very early on, of building resilience and ''building back better.''
''Emergency relief is never enough,'' said Ban as he took to the podium before member states adopted the resolution.
''People must also be able to sustain their livelihoods. Efforts to stimulate small and medium enterprises will have long-reaching benefits. Nepal has been torn apart, years of development gains destroyed. Basic social services, in particular healthcare and education, have been interrupted. Tourism and communication have all suffered highly,'' he added.
The Nepal Earthquake Flash Appeal launched by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) stands at $423 million to support people through immediate lifesaving aid operations. But the appeal is currently only 14 per cent funded, Ban pointed out.
''Three weeks since the earthquake, humanitarian operations are intensifying and relief goods are entering the country more quickly. Humanitarian agencies are relying on the local communities and are using every means possible to reach communities that are cut off from transformation networks,'' he emphasised.
Hundreds of thousands of people were left homeless and countless more without food, water, and healthcare.
Some of the hard-hit villages are in the toughest to reach areas. Since the quake hit, more than a million people have been supplied with food. Emergency health teams are present across the country.
''Humanitarian aid is making a difference but we need to do more with the monsoon season starting in June more than half a million people must have emergency shelter before the heavy rain starts,'' Ban said.
Ensuring that aid is delivered speedily is especially critical now as the monsoon season approaches. It is also currently planting season and next year's harvest will be severely affected unless farmers can plant their seeds now. But some areas of Nepal has lost all their water and sanitation facilities.
''I cannot stress enough the importance of getting aid and clean water supplies to everyone in need over the next few weeks,'' Ban said, pointing out that discussions between the Nepalese Government, European Union, development banks and United Nations are already underway.
Echoing that sentiment, acting Vice-President of the General Assembly, Kaha Imnadze, speaking on behalf of General Assembly President Sam Kutesa stressed that access to health care, sanitation and hygiene services are critical priorities that must be addressed.
''As we have learned from similar natural disasters, increases in mortality, morbidity and outbreaks of communicable diseases can be prevented through access to basic health care and clean water,'' he added.
''Beyond the needs of urban centres, people displaced from rural villages need to be able to return to their homes before the start of the planting season. Failing to enable people to return to their respective villages to plant crops could have severe consequences for the country's food security,'' Mr. Imnadze emphasized.
In coordinating relief efforts, it is important to bear in mind there is only a ''small window of opportunity'' to assist affected communities.
''With the monsoon season set to start in June, it is of utmost important that a comprehensive relief effort is launched as quickly and efficiently as possible,'' he added.