Greybull to buy Tata's UK long steel arm for £1
12 April 2016
Tata Steel agreed to sell one of its main British steelworks to investment firm Greybull Capital for £1 on Monday, saving a third of the 15,000 jobs placed in jeopardy by the Indian conglomerate's decision to sell off its British assets.
Prime Minister David Cameron has been under pressure to keep the plants open to save jobs after Tata, one of the world's biggest steelmakers, said on 30 March it would sell its loss-making British business.
As Tata formally appointed advisers for the sale of its steel assets in Britain, turnaround specialist Greybull Capital LLP said it would buy the Indian company's Long Products Europe division in Scunthorpe, northern England, which employs 4,400 people.
It declined to rule out further purchases of Tata's British steel assets, including its plant at Port Talbot in Wales, while British Business Secretary Sajid Javid said the government would consider jointly investing with a buyer to secure the sale of the Indian group's other UK assets.
"I've been in contact with potential buyers, making clear that the government stands ready to help," Javid told parliament. "This includes looking at the possibility of co-investing with a buyer on commercial terms."
The sale to Greybull - for the nominal sum of 1 pound - includes a £400 million ($570 million) investment and financing package for the Scunthorpe business, as well as agreements with suppliers and unions on cutting costs.
"We're expecting no redundancies going forward, the business plan calls for no redundancies," Greybull co-founder Marc Meyohas told reporters on a conference call.
The Greybull deal, which is subject to a ballot by union members, includes two additional mills, an engineering workshop and a design consultancy in Britain, plus a mill in Hayange in northeast France.
The purchase will see the business renamed 'British Steel', in a revival of a historic name last used almost two decades ago.
Cameron, already grappling with a divided ruling party ahead of a 23 June referendum on membership of the European Union, has been scrambling to try to find buyers for Tata's steel operations, to save jobs.
Britain's euro-sceptic media has blamed Brussels for preventing London from taking greater steps to protect the steel industry, while the opposition Labour Party has called on Cameron to do more to save the plants.
Talbot question remains
Tata, which owns iconic brands such as Jaguar Land Rover and Tetley Tea, is offloading its British steel operations, citing a global oversupply of steel and cheap imports from China, high costs and weak domestic demand.
The deal for the Scunthorpe plant, which Tata had been trying to sell since 2014 before revealing talks with Greybull were underway in December, is expected to be completed in eight weeks subject to certain conditions being met.
Greybull, which is not taking on pension liabilities, said about half of the £400 million package would come from shareholders of Greybull and half from banks and government loans.
"We're expecting the company to be profitable in year one and that's very much the management plan," said Meyohas, who co-founded Greybull in 2008 after 12 years as chief executive of technology services company Cityspace.
Though the deal is positive for the Scunthorpe workers, there is deep unease in Port Talbot, Britain's biggest steel plant, where 4,000 people could be out of a job if Tata fails to find a buyer.
Tata appointed KPMG as adviser on the sale process for its UK assets while Slaughter and May was appointed its legal adviser on the sales.
"While very welcome it does not mean that we are out of the woods yet," said Gareth Stace, director of trade association UK Steel.
"A long-term investor is needed, in the very short term, for the remainder of the whole of the Tata Steel UK business, including Port Talbot."
Javid said the government had appointed Ernst and Young to act as its financial advisers on any deal for Tata's other British assets.
However, he said that despite government support, he couldn't guarantee there would not be further job losses across the industry.
Scunthorpe produces steel mainly used in construction and infrastructure projects, whereas Port Talbot produces slab, hot rolled, cold rolled and galvanized coil which is used in products from cars to washing machines to food cans.
Finding buyers for Port Talbot and Tata's other assets could take some time given the complexity of any deal, including negotiations over everything from pension liabilities to energy subsidies.
Greybull said to date it had been wholly focused on the Scunthorpe deal, but declined to rule out future interest in the Port Talbot plant.
"Whether it's Tata or any other assets, we'll review it as and when is appropriate," Meyohas said.
Liberty House lifeline?
Another potential bidder for the Port Talbot plant is Sanjeev Gupta, the boss of metals trader Liberty House Group.
Gupta told Reuters on Friday that he was serious about making an offer and had the backing of a group with $7 billion of revenues, hitting back at critics who have questioned his capacity to take on a business dragged down by heavy debt and weak sales.
However, much will depend on how much any potential investor is willing to pay to even hope of turning around the business.
"It's a loss-making business and a loss-making business is not worth a lot in itself to buy," Gupta said. "It's more of a question of what are the resources required in turning it around."
Tata, under former Chairman Ratan Tata, bought its UK steel operations in 2007 by purchasing Anglo-Dutch steelmaker Corus for $12 billion as a way to access the European market.
But the Indian conglomerate, controlled by philanthropic trusts endowed by the Tata family, struggled to turn the steelmaker around.
Like competitors such as ArcelorMittal, the world's top steel producer, Tata has been hit by plunging prices due to overcapacity in China, the world's biggest market for the alloy.
China said on Monday it wants to work with the rest of the world to find an appropriate solution to overcapacity in the steel sector, after Britain asked Beijing to hurry up and tackle the problem.
Tata Steel is the second-largest steel producer in Europe with a diversified presence across the continent. It has a crude steel production capacity of over 18 million tonnes per annum in Europe, but only 14 mtpa is operational.