Tata Steel, Britain's largest steelmaker, has put its entire UK business up for sale to stem heavy losses, a move that would draw a line under its almost decade-long presence in Britain's declining steel industry.
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|Blast Furnace 5 at Tata Steel Europe's Port Talbot Steelworks || |
After a marathon board meeting in Mumbai, the steel giant said the financial performance of its UK arm had deteriorated sharply in recent months, following years of weak conditions which have already forced it to shed hundreds of jobs.
Blaming high manufacturing costs, domestic market weakness and increased imports into Europe from countries like China, Tata saw little change in the competitive position of its UK operations, which employ about 15,000 people and include Port Talbot, Britain's largest steel plant.
As a result, Tata said in a statement its European arm would "explore all options for portfolio restructuring, including the potential divestment of Tata Steel UK, in whole or in parts".
"Given the severity of the funding requirement in the foreseeable future, the Tata Steel Europe Board will be advised to evaluate and implement the most feasible option in a time-bound manner," it added.
Tata Steel bought Anglo-Dutch steelmaker Corus in 2007 and has since struggled to turn the giant around (See: Corus acquisition marks the emergence of India a global investor: Nath).
The company said it remained in talks with the UK government, which has expressed concern about job losses in the industry. Port Talbot, though far from its 1960s peak, still employs about 4,000 people, and Tata is one of the most significant private companies in Wales.
Unions welcomed the decision not to shutter the plants but called on Tata to be a "responsible seller" and on the government to play its role.
"We don't just want more warm words, we want a detailed plan of action to find buyers and build confidence in potential investors in UK steel," Roy Rickhuss, general secretary of steelworkers' trade union Community, said.
The opposition Labour party called on the government to save an industry it described as "the cornerstone of our manufacturing sector". Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn again suggested a part nationalisation of the steel industry if necessary.
The government has said it is ready to work with Tata.
Most steel companies, including top producer ArcelorMittal, have been hit by plunging prices due to overcapacity in China, the world's biggest market for the alloy, making Tata's task of finding a buyer all the more difficult.
"Tata Steel might not be able to find an immediate buyer for the UK business, but after six months that could be possible as Europe is expected to take some action on the cheap imports that is flooding the region," Ashish Kejriwal, an analyst with brokerage Elara Capital in Mumbai, told Reuters.
Tata Steel, a pioneer of steel-making in India, is also the second-largest steel producer in Europe with a diversified presence across the continent. It has a crude steel production capacity of over 18 million tonnes per annum in Europe, but only 14 mtpa is operational.
Two of its three main units, Port Talbot and Scunthorpe, are in Britain, with the remaining operations in the Netherlands.
Its share price has halved in the past five years, a period in which it recorded asset impairment of more than $2.88 billion related to the UK business.
For the year ending March 2015, the company took a write-down of a little over a billion dollars in its consolidated numbers. However, the tide seems to be turning for the India operations, and many analysts expect it to post an improved operating profit from the next fiscal year.
Tata also said in its statement that it was still in talks with investment firm Greybull Capital over the sale of its British long products unit, which makes steel for use in construction. Talks with Greybull were announced last year.
The combined impact of cheap Chinese imports, a strong pound and high energy costs were blamed for the torrid time faced by the UK steel industry. As a result, Tata Steel has been steadily winding down its operations in the UK and Europe in recent months. (See: UK MP urges Tata Steel to back Talbot turnaround plan).