Antonio Guterres sworn in as UN Secretary-General
13 December 2016
Antonio Guterres, former UN refugee chief and a former prime minister of Portugal was sworn in Monday as Secretary-General of the United Nations, becoming the ninth UN chief in the body's 71-year history.
|António Guterres, Secretary-General-designate of the United Nations, takes the oath of office for his five-year term, which begins on 1 January 2017. The oath was administered by Peter Thomson, President of the 71st session of the General Assembly. UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe|
Guterras, 67, whose selection to the top job was formalised by the General Assembly in October, will take over duties from Ban Ki-moon in January. He was sworn in as the next Secretary-General by UN General Assembly President John William Ashe.
Guterres, a former Prime Minister of Portugal (1995 to 2002) and former UN High Commissioner for Refugees (2005-2015) took the oath of office following the Assembly's tribute to Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, who steps down at the end of the month after leading the global organisation for the past 10 years.
Sworn in as the ninth and next United Nations Secretary-General, António Guterres pledged to reposition development at the centre of the organisation's work and ensure that the UN can change to effectively meet the myriad challenges facing the international community.
''The United Nations needs to be nimble, efficient and effective. It must focus more on delivery and less on process; more on people and less on bureaucracy,'' said Guterres after taking the oath of office at a ceremony before the 193-member UN General Assembly.
Guterres highlighted three strategic priorities for the organisation - working for peace; supporting sustainable development; and reforming its internal management.
Noting that, often, the UN is tasked with peacekeeping in places where there is no peace to keep, he said that a greater conceptual clarity and a shared understanding of the scope of peacekeeping was needed so as to pave the way for urgent reforms.
''Inspired by the new concept of sustaining peace, it is time for us all to engage in a comprehensive reform of the UN strategy, operational set-up and structures for peace and security,'' he said.
The UN system has not yet done enough to prevent and respond to the appalling crimes of sexual violence and exploitation committed under the UN flag against those we are supposed to protect.
Guterres also emphasised the need to do more to prevent and respond to the sexual violence and exploitation committed by those serving under the UN flag against those they are supposed to protect.
''I will work closely with member states on structural, legal and operational measures to make the zero-tolerance policy […] a reality,'' he said, adding, ''We must ensure transparency and accountability – and offer protection and effective remedies to the victims.''
On UN support to member states in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the second key element of the reform agenda, Guterres said that development will form the centre of the UN's work, and that he will engage in a comprehensive reform of the UN development system – both at headquarters and at country levels.
''This must involve leadership, coordination, delivery and accountability. We will build on the outcome of the recent discussions among Member States,'' he said, underlining the need to bring humanitarian and development spheres closer together from the very beginning of a crisis.
''Humanitarian response, sustainable development and sustaining peace are three sides of the same triangle,'' he highlighted.
On management reforms, Guterres underlined the need to build on existing efforts and to implement recent reform initiatives.
UN needs to be nimble, efficient and effective, he said, adding that it must focus more on delivery and less on process; more on people and less on bureaucracy.
''Looking at UN staff and budgetary rules and regulations, one might think some of them were designed to prevent, rather than enable, the effective delivery of our mandates,'' he said, adding: ''It benefits no one if it takes nine months to deploy a staff member to the field,''
He also underlined the need to foster a culture of accountability and effective protection for whistleblowers, as well as to better communicate the work of the UN, so that people understand it better.
''We need a substantial reform of our communications strategy, upgrading our tools and platforms to reach people around the world,'' he said.
He also pledged to respect gender parity from the start in all appointments to the 'senior management group' (SMG) and the 'chief executives board' (CEB), stressing: ''By the end of my mandate, we should reach full gender parity at the Under-Secretary-General and Assistant Secretary-General levels, including special representatives and special envoys.''
Concluding his remarks, Secretary-General-designate Guterres said that while the world is getting better connected, fragmentations within societies are increasing, and that more and more people are living within their own bubbles, unable to appreciate their links with the whole human family.
''In the end, it comes down to values, as was said so many times today. We want the world our children inherit to be defined by the values enshrined in the UN Charter: peace, justice, respect, human rights, tolerance and solidarity,'' he said, adding, ''The threats to these values are most often based on fear. Our duty to the peoples we serve is to work together to move from fear of each other, to trust in each other.''
''Trust in the values that bind us, and trust in the institutions that serve and protect us,'' he emphasised.
Guterres, was appointed by the General Assembly on 13 October this year in what was the culmination of a historic process Though selection of a new UN Secretary-General, traditionally decided behind closed-doors by a few powerful countries, for the first time in history, this time it involved public discussions with each candidate vying for the leadership position.
It was his executive experience as prime minister and as the UN High Commissioner for Refugees from 2005-2015 that propelled him to first place among 13 candidates. After a lengthy process involving six informal polls in the Security Council, the council nominated him by acclamation and his name was sent to the assembly for final approval.