As many as 550 jobs have been disappearing every day in India in last four years and if this trend continues, employment would shrink by 7 million by 2050 in the country, a study has claimed.
Farmers, small retail vendors, contract labourers and construction workers are the most vulnerable sections facing never-before livelihood threats in India today, the study by Delhi-based civil society group PRAHAR has said.
As per data released by Labour Bureau early this year, India created only 1.35 lakh jobs in 2015 in comparison to 4.19 lakh in 2013 and 9 lakh in 2011, the group said in a statement.
"A deeper analysis of the data reveals a rather scary picture. Instead of growing, livelihoods are being lost in India on a daily basis. As many as 550 jobs are lost in India every day (in last four year as per Labour Bureau data) which means that by 2050, jobs in India would have got reduced by 7 million, while population would have grown by 600 million," the statement said.
The data clearly points to the fact that job creation in India is successively slowing down, which is very alarming, it pointed out.
"This (rise in unemployment) is because sectors which are the largest contributor of jobs are worst-affected. Agriculture contributes to 50 per cent of employment in India followed by the SME (small and medium enterprises) sector, which employs 40 per cent of the workforce of the country," the statement said.
The organised sector actually only contributes a minuscule less than 1 per cent of employment in India. India has only about 30 million jobs in the organised sector and nearly 440 million in the unorganised sector.
According to World Bank data, the percentage of employment in agriculture out of total employment in India has come down to 50 per cent in 2013 from 60 per cent in 1994. It said the labour intensity of small and medium enterprises is four times higher than that of large firms.
It further said that the multinationals are particularly capitalistic, a fact vindicated during investment commitments of $225 Billion made for the next five years during the Make in India Week in February 2016. What went unnoticed is that these investments would translate into creation of only six million jobs, it said.
"India needs to go back to the basics and protect sectors like farming, unorganised retail, and micro and small enterprises which contribute to 99 per cent of current livelihoods in the country. These sectors need support from the government not regulation. India needs smart villages and not smart cities in the 21st century," it added.