More reports on: Morgan Stanley

Reforms key to rapid growth, lower inflation in India: Morgan Stanley

28 June 2014

Rapidly implementing economic reforms would help India to make a faster turnaround from stagflation to higher economic growth and lower inflation, says a Morgan Stanley report.

"We believe that as policymakers implement reforms that boost productivity, it will reinvigorate animal spirits in the economy and give the corporate sector incentive to lift its investment, thus leading to recovery," global financial services firm said in a research report released in New Delhi today.

According to the report, in the first stage of recovery, the government's policy measures will help revive the productivity dynamic, bring down the capital-output ratio, and improve returns on investment.

As this happens, the corporate sector will have incentives to increase capital expenditure, thereby leading to the second stage of recovery, it said.

"We expect that GDP growth on a quarterly basis will increase by 220 bps from the current 4.6 per cent (as of March 14) to 6.8 per cent by March 2016 and consumer price inflation will head towards the Reserve Bank of India's comfort zone, moderating by 230 bps over this period to 6 per cent," Morgan Stanley said.

However, the impact of the El Niņo effect (a band of warm ocean water temperatures that adversely affects monsoon rains) on agriculture GDP, the strength of recovery in export growth and oil price movements could pose near-term risk to its growth outlook.

The report expects moderation in rural wage growth and the government's effort to cut the fiscal deficit to help in systematic deceleration in Consumer Price Index (CPI) inflation.

Headline CPI inflation has remained largely steady in recent months at around the 8-8.5 per cent mark, with core steady around 7.7 per cent.

It sees near-term risks to the inflation outlook from weather-related concerns (the El Niņo caused poor monsoons), but believes the underlying trend adjusted for any temporary spike should show gradual deceleration in inflation.

Morgan Stanley expects the current account deficit to remain in a manageable range at 1.8 per cent of GDP in FY15 as against 1.7 per cent in FY14.


 search domain-b