China hints at halting rare earth exports to US

China has indicated that it could use its monopoly over the strategic rare earths in the escalating trade war with the US with the Communist Party of China (CPC) mouthpiece People’s Daily warning the US not to “underestimate China’s ability to fight the trade war.”

A People’s Daily editorial cites an official from the National Development Reform Commission (NDRC), China’s top planning body, as saying at a press conference on Tuesday: “You asked whether rare earths will become China’s countermeasures against the US. What I can tell you is that if anyone wants to use products made of China’s rare-earth exports to contain China’s development, the people of Ganzhou and across China will not be happy with that.”
Another editorial by official news agency, Xinhua, said: “China has reiterated its stand in promoting multilateralism and tried to avoid a trade war that hurts public interests. But if necessary, China has plenty of cards to play.”
Following the statement and editorials, shares of China’s rare earth-related firms rallied significantly on Wednesday.   
China dominates global supply chains of almost all 17 elements that constitute rare earths. These elements have use in a number of sectors, including oil refining, high-tech products ranging from flat-screen TVs to lasers and military equipment.
“The country accounted for at least 71 per cent of mined output last year, with the percentage for processed rare earth compounds even higher, and the US sourced 80 per cent of its rare earth imports from China from 2014 to 2017, according to statistics from the US government,” the Global Times said in a report.
Bloomberg news quoted a People’s Daily editorial in Chinese, saying it included a rare Chinese phrase that means “don’t say I didn’t warn you.”
According to the news agency, the specific wording was used by the paper in 1962 before China went to war with India, and “those familiar with Chinese diplomatic language know the weight of this phrase,” the Global Times, said in an article last April.
A Chinese ban of export of rare earths will starve US high-tech and defence industries of much-needed base materials, while China, which uses it mainly for defence production will gain an advantage.
“By making unilateral moves to contain technological development of other countries, the United States seems to have overlooked one fact: the international supply chain is so intertwined that no economy could thrive on its own,” the Xinhua editorial said.
The United States imported 80 per cent of its rare earth compounds and metals from China between 2014 and 2017, according to the US Geological Survey.
“Along with the technological revolution and industrial evolution, rare earths are expected to be applied in more areas, and their strategic value will become more prominent, said the official. China has reiterated its stand in promoting multilateralism and tried to avoid a trade war that hurts public interests,” it added. “But if necessary, China has plenty of cards to play.”