US pressures India to further cut Iranian oil imports
12 March 2014
India finds itself obliged to cut its oil imports from Iran by two-thirds from the first quarter of the financial year that begins in April, after the US asked it to hold the shipments at end-2013 levels in keeping with the nuclear deal easing sanctions on Teheran, according to reports on Tuesday citing government sources.
India, with the increases already made in the January-March loading plans from Iran, has to cut its purchases to 110,000 barrels per day (bpd) to drop its intake average to 195,000 bpd for the six months to 20 July.
Under the 24 November agreement between Iran and six world powers, Iran, a member of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), was to hold exports at "current volumes" of a million bpd, and a message delivered by a US energy policy official to Indian ministries in February was the first clear sign of low tolerance for any increases.
Since the interim deal was signed, purchases of Iranian oil by its top four buyers - China, India, Japan and South Korea - have been creeping up and together they have taken 1.25 million barrels per day (bpd) in January against a daily average of 935,900 bpd for all of 2013.
"It is a fact that they (the United States) have asked us that Iran's exports to India should not exceed 195,000 bpd between January to July and we have said that we'll take care of that," Reuters cited a government source as saying on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the issue.
Tehran and Western world powers are working through a landmark deal that runs from 20 January to 20 July that requires Iran to curb its nuclear programme in return for a calibrated release of $4.2 billion it is owed in back payments for its oil.
Tough international sanctions over the past two years have cut Iran's oil exports in half, measures that starved it of hard currency and helped lead it to the nuclear deal last November.
While relaxation of sanctions has made oil exports easier to arrange and buyers no longer have to keep reducing purchases, they were meant to keep import volumes unchanged from the end of last year.
India, though, is already on track to average crude loadings of 322,200 bpd from Iran in the first quarter, according to loading figures provided by one of the sources. The figures included lifting plans for 345,000 bpd during January.
Tanker arrival data, meanwhile, compiled by Reuters put India's January intake of crude from Iran at 412,000 bpd, double the daily arrival average for December.
The sources said the loading increases mean Indian refiners have to cut their buys of Iranian oil to about 110,000 bpd over the April 1-July 20 period to meet the ceiling of 195,000 bpd.
For the financial year to 31 March, India's oil purchases from Iran are likely to be down about a fifth to 214,300 bpd, according to the loading data, sharper than a 15 per cent reduction requested by Washington to win a waiver on sanctions.
Private refiner Essar Oil will be the biggest Indian buyer of Iran's oil this financial year, replacing state-owned Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals.
Essar will have lifted about 30 per cent more than its contract volume of 80,000 bpd, said another government source.
A jump in Essar's Iran oil imports comes as Iran is giving India a discount on crude and offering free delivery.