Inter-ministerial panel suggests ways to augment coking coal production

14 Dec 2021


The recently formed Inter-Ministerial Committee including industry stakeholders to strategise augmentation of coking coal production in India has submitted it recommendations.  Based on this,the Ministry of Coal has set up Mission Coking Coal to evolve a road map for increasing production and utilization of domestic coking coal.The main recommendations of the Committee headed by the Additional Secretary, Ministry of Coal are as follows:

An inter-ministerial committee that included representatives of industry stakeholders to strategise augmentation of coking coal production in India has recommended identification of additional coking coal blocks for production by Coal India Ltd and private sector and auction of CBM overlap coking coal blocks.
The panel suggested adopting existing advanced technology for beneficiation of coking coal, developing an elaborate policy framework for disposal of washery rejects and middlings.
CIL, in turn, may allocate coking coal linkages to private washeries and set up coking coal washeries on aggregator model.
It suggested formulating import parity based pricing mechanism for domestic coking coal factoring the quality parameters.
Also, the panel suggested an incentive based framework to encourage steel sector for utilisation of stamp charging technology and investment  in R&D initiatives for redesigning blast furnaces for utilisation of domestic coking coal.
The panel recommended that CIL should publish mine-wise/seam-wise details of coking properties of coal on its website and purchaser may be allowed to choose from specific source.
Tax incentives may be provided to the entities for manufacturing of underground mining machinery and entities engaged in underground mining.
Some of the suggestions of the committee are under implementation with CIL subsidiaries using the surplus capacity of Tata’s washeries and getting washed coking coal for enhancing supply. Nine coking coal washeries are projected with four already in under construction phase. The new Build-Operate (BOO/BOM) washeries being set up in BCCL and CCL are using existing state-of-the-art beneficiation technology suggested by the successful bidders. For higher supply of coking coal in the country and to ensure it is provided at a cheaper rate, the decision to yet reduce ash percentage with upgraded technology and the price of coking coal to be linked to imported coal are measures under consideration. 
For the first time ever, four blocks of coking coal were put up for auction with no end-use restriction in the first tranche of commercial coal auction, out of which three were successfully auctioned. In the second tranche of commercial coal mines auction, six blocks were put up for auction out of which one successfully auctioned.
With the proposed measures and policy initiatives, coking coal has the potential to emerge as one of the important new business areas for CIL and other private sector players, which will contribute in multiple ways for economic development of the country.
The vision for setting up Mission Coking Coal is to prepare an action plan to reduce import of coking coal, which includes exploration, enhanced production, adoption of new technologies, allocation of coking coal blocks for private sector development, setting up of new coking coal washeries, enhanced R&D activities and improvement of quality parameters. This will give necessary boost to coking coal production in our country and strengthen in-house capabilities, which thereby will help in substantial reduction of coking coal imports and will lead us on a path to AtmaNirbhar Bharat, the panel stated.
Coking coal and steel sector have high correlation with each other. Coking coal is mainly used in manufacturing of steel through blast furnace route. Domestic coking coal is high ash coal (mostly between 18 per cent and 49 per cent) and is not suitable for direct use in the blast furnace. Therefore, coking coal is washed to reduce the ash percentage and is blended with imported coking coal (<9 per cent ash) before utilisation in the blast furnace. About 50 MT coking coal is imported by the country on an annual basis and the value of coking coal imported in FY 2020-21 was Rs45,435crore. Thus, augmenting the supply of domestic coking coal would not only help in reducing the coking coal imports but also help in saving precious forex and fortify our foreign exchange reserves.
Production of coking coal in the country was at 41 million tonnes in FY 2019, which has increased to 53 million tonnes in FY 2020. Over the last four years, only about 20-30 per cent of coking coal produced was washed before utilisation with average yield of ~47 per cent. As per National Steel Policy 2017, the targeted steel production by FY 2029-30 is 300 million tonnes of which 181 million tonnes would be through blast furnace route, ie, nearly three-fold increase is targeted in the blast furnace route to steel-making, which in turn will require a multi-fold increase in the supply of domestic coking coal to complement the increased steel production and limit imports.

Business History Videos

History of hovercraft Part 3...

Today I shall talk a bit more about the military plans for ...

By Kiron Kasbekar | Presenter: Kiron Kasbekar

History of hovercraft Part 2...

In this episode of our history of hovercraft, we shall exam...

By Kiron Kasbekar | Presenter: Kiron Kasbekar

History of Hovercraft Part 1...

If you’ve been a James Bond movie fan, you may recall seein...

By Kiron Kasbekar | Presenter: Kiron Kasbekar

History of Trams in India | ...

The video I am presenting to you is based on a script writt...

By Aniket Gupta | Presenter: Sheetal Gaikwad

view more