American companies plan to continue to implement their current strategies for sourcing some functions offshore despite the current worldwide economic slump and the financial downturn, which may even accelerate such plans.
These are among the findings of a study into the effects of offshoring trends on American competitiveness, as part of ongoing research by the Center for International Business Education and Research's Offshoring Research Network (ORN) at The Fuqua School of Business at Duke University and PricewaterhouseCoopers.
The survey, designed to capture business managers' sentiments in the midst of the current global slump in financial markets and the presidential election, was conducted during the first two weeks of November and queried nearly 100 firms from the United States and Europe about their plans to source some job functions and business processes offshore.
Earlier, in a thought paper titled ''Strategic Discontinuities in the Global Economy (Part I)'' presented on 15 February 2008, Hari Rajagopalachari, executive director, PricewaterhouseCoopers, had analysed some fundamentals of the inter-linked global economy and had indicated that the world was heading for a long drawn, structurally induced downturn due to structural imbalances in the Currency, Energy and Financial Markets with significant medium and long term implications for India.
The current survey on offshoring trends suggests that while cutting labour costs is the most significant factor driving offshoring decisions since the worldwide financial crisis gained momentum this quarter, many survey participants noted an increased urgency to improve efficiencies.
''Our research shows as companies grow the scale and scope of sourcing programs, average efficiency decreases,'' said Arie Lewin, professor of strategy and international business and executive director of CIBER. ''Enhancing efficiencies has become more urgent in recent months as pressure on margins forces companies to increase productivity while spending less.''
To cope with the slumping economy, companies plan to enhance efficiencies through business process redesign and by improving coordination and integration of offshoring processes.
''Redesigning business processes is not equivalent to end-to-end process re-engineering, which requires a significant commitment of resources and time,'' added Hari Rajagopalachari, executive director, PricewaterhouseCoopers. ''Our findings indicate companies can't wait that long and can't spare those resources; they want to improve their existing organisational capabilities for managing their offshoring strategies. This will require developing the discipline and the metrics to capture the benefits of existing and planned projects.''
Forty-one per cent of respondents report increasing speed to market is becoming a more important driver of offshoring. Meanwhile, access to qualified personnel has not increased in importance, partly because rising unemployment is widening domestic employment pools.
As a result of the global economic crisis, renegotiating current contracts with service providers is emerging as a growing concern among companies. Forty percent of companies said they have pressured or plan to pressure providers to offer more favourable contract terms in order to trim costs.
Further cost-cutting options cited by respondents include delaying large-scale projects that require larger upfront investments and postponing some longer-term development initiatives. However, some companies noted providers could ease these pressures by offering to absorb some upfront costs. Companies said they may realise additional cost savings by lengthening implementation timelines or cancelling or postponing discretionary projects such as software development.
While efficiency enhancement and cost reduction are among companies' top priorities, 12 percent of respondents noted they are considering spinning off their captive operations to a provider or have already done so. Such an option would require significant time and effort to negotiate and capital resources for financing acquisitions are likely to be scarce.
A comprehensive report on the research will be published in February 2009 in Shared Services News, a publication of the Shared Services & Outsourcing Network.
Duke CIBER's fifth annual survey of buy-side companies, recognized as an authoritative examination of trends in offshoring business processes and innovation, will begin data collection in January 2009.