insurers will be following new provisioning norms from the next
fiscal. The new norms are being finalised after consulting the
insurers by a committee formed for this purpose. It is learnt that
the committee will soon submit its report to the Insurance
Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA).
According to an industry official, under the proposed norms,
reserves for unexpired risks will be made on a basis of 1/365. As
a result, at the time of underwriting a risk it will be known what
part of the premium to be accounted as premium earned for that
year and what portion will have to be set aside as provision.
All these years,
provisioning for unexpired risks were made on a fixed percentage
basis based on the kind of risk underwritten in their respective
revenue accounts. For instance, in the case of fire and
miscellaneous revenue accounts, 50 per cent of the premium earned
is reserved against unexpired risks and 100 per cent in respect of
marine hull and transit insurances. Such provisioning on a fixed
percentage basis without considering the actual period of risk is
considered as unscientific and hence the new norms.
This apart, the other
norm that is being considered by the regulator is showing a part
of the investment income in revenue accounts. Currently, the
entire investment income is reflected in the profit-and-loss