World Bank Group president Robert B Zoellick has called upon the Group of Twenty developed and emerging economies to endorse a new $50 billion Global Trade Liquidity Programme, which he called the World Bank's latest innovation to bring back the lost momentum in global trade.
The programme, with an initial $1 billion investment from the World Bank and governments and funds leveraged from regional development banks such as Standard Chartered, Standard Bank, and Rabobank in a risk-sharing financing arrangement with major private sector partners.
''G-20 backing will help us gain more momentum, thereby increasing support,'' Zoellick said.
He also cited World Bank initiatives in microfinance, infrastructure and bank capitalisations to show how important it was for governments, international institutions, civil society, and the private sector to mobilise resources and constantly innovate.
Zoellick said there would be a sharp slowdown in economic growth in the developing world this year, putting more poor people at risk, and the G-20 must not shrink from combining ideas and actions to restore confidence in the world economy.
Speaking at a Thomson Reuters Newsmaker in London, Zoellick said many of the immediate challenges of the crisis could be addressed if the G-20 reformed and empowered existing international institutions to help resist protectionism, evaluate the effectiveness of stimulus packages, and monitor banking reforms.
''This is not a moment for complacency. It is not a day for expressing false confidence that all has been done that can be done. It is not a time for narrow nationalist or even regional responses. The one certitude we can draw from events over the past year is our inability to predict what is to come, and how it may trigger other unexpected events,'' Zoellick said in his speech ahead of the G-20 summit in London.
Zoellick said new data from the World Bank showed that economic growth in developing countries would slow sharply to 2.1 per cent in 2009, a more than three percentage point decline from last year.
''Growth would actually decline in Central and Eastern Europe, Central Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean. An estimated 53 million more people would be trapped in poverty this year, subsisting on less than $1.25 a day, because of the crisis. The world economy would contract by 1.7 per cent this year compared to growth of 1.9 per cent in 2008 – the first global decline since World War II. Global trade in goods and services would fall six per cent this year, the largest decline in 80 years, He said.
Poor people in developing countries had far less of a cushion to protect them against the effects of the crisis. ''In London, Washington, and Paris people talk of bonuses or no bonuses. In parts of Africa, South Asia, and Latin America, the struggle is for food or no food,'' Zoellick said.
Zoellick noted that those who had recognised the scale of today's crisis were calling for new global governance regimes. But the immediate challenge is to reform, empower, and use existing institutions more effectively, including by giving developing countries more representation.
''If leaders are serious about creating new global responsibilities or governance, let them start by modernizing multilateralism to empower the WTO, the IMF, and the World Bank Group to monitor national policies,'' Zoellick said, adding, ''Bringing sunlight to national decision-making would contribute to transparency, accountability, and consistency across national policies.''
Zoellick said leaders should learn from previous economic crises in Latin America in the 1980s and Asia in the 1990s and not repeat the mistake of ignoring the plight of the most vulnerable. Developing countries needed to be part of the global solution to the global crisis.
''Isn't it time to institutionalise support for the most vulnerable during crises, especially those not of their own making?'' said Zoellick, who has proposed that developed countries allocate 0.7 per cent of the stimulus packages to a `Vulnerability Fund' for developing countries. ''A commitment to put in place structures to support and fund safety nets for those most at risk would go a long way to show that this G-group will not endorse a two tier world – with summits for financial systems, and silence for the poor.''
''We have seen over the last six decades how markets can lift hundreds of millions of people out of poverty while expanding freedom. But we have also seen how unfettered greed and recklessness can squander those very gains,'' Zoellick said. ''For the 21st century, we need market economies with a human face. Human market economies must recognise their responsibility to the individual and society.''